By clocking a speed of 180 km/hr and covering 84 km in 38 minutes in a trial conducted by Railways on Mathura-Palwal route, Spanish made Talgo become the fastest train in India. It has surpassed the record of Gatimaan Express. The maximum speed of Gatimaan Express is 160 km/hr while maximum speed for Shatabdi Express and Rajdhani Express is 150 km/hr and 130 km/hr respectively.
Divisional Railway Manager, Agra, Prabhash Kumar said, "The train successfully completed its trial run on July 13th 2016 by clocking 180 km/hr due to its light and advanced technology" The second phase of the trial started on July 9. It was decided that its speed would be increased by 10 km/hr everyday after the train clocked 120 km/hr mark on the first day of the trial between Mathura and Palwal. Sand bags will be kept to mimic passengers' weight to check the trains condition on turn during next trial run.
Talgo aims to connect the national capital, New Delhi, with the financial capital, Mumbai as the next trial will be carried out on the route of Mumbai-bound Rajdhani Express from Mathura. These trials will continue till roughly July 25. Hauled by a 4,500 HP diesel engine, this lighter and faster train comprise of two executive class cars, four chair cars, a cafeteria, a power car and a tail-end coach for staff and equipment. Due to their light weight, Talgo trains consume 30 percent less energy.
Full name of Talgo is Tren Articulado Ligero Goicoechea Oriol. TALGO was first incorporated in 1942. Talgo stated its intention to ship a Series 9 train to India in July 2015. Talgo provided a demonstration at its own cost on the Mumbai-Delhi rail route. Unconventional articulated railway passenger car are forte of Talgo trains. These cars use a type similar to the Jacobs bogie. Jacobs bogie is patented by Talgo itself in 1941. The wheels are not joined by an axle but mounted in pairs. The bogies are not shared underneath individual coaches but shared between coaches. The coaches are more easily insulated from track noise as they are not mounted onto wheel bogies.
Talgo trains, come in both locomotive hauled and self-propelled versions, are divided into a number of generations.Talgo I was built in 1942 in Spain. Talgo II coaches and locomotives were first built in 1950. Talgo III coaches and locomotives entered service in 1964. The Talgo Pendular, Talgo IV and Talgo V, also VI & Talgo 200 or 6th generation, were introduced in 1980. The Talgo VII was introduced in the beginning of 2000. The Series 8 passenger cars are similar to the Series VII cars.
They are designed for the North American market. Talgo 9 Series is designed for Russia and Kazakhstan. They will be used in the Berlin-Moscow line (June 2016) too. This series trainset will be used for trial run in India in May 2016. The Talgo 250 is a dual voltage electric train (AC/DC) equipped with variable gauge axles. The first set arrived at Tashkent in July 2011 after the Uzbekistan Railways ordered two Talgo 250 sets of a Russian gauge version in 2009. Talgo 250 Hybrid, Talgo 350, Talgo XXI and Talgo AVRIL are other versions of the train.