Benazir Bhutto became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state and was also Pakistan's first (and thus far, only) female prime minister. Born in the Pakistani Sindhi family in the house of former prime minister of Pakistan, Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, on 21 June 1953. His father Mr. Bhutto was former prime minister of Pakistan who founded the centre-left Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP). She became the first woman in Pakistan to head a major political party after she became the chairperson of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) in 1982.

Benazir Bhutto was born on 21 June 1953 at Karachi's Pinto Hospital. She was the eldest child of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Begum Nusrat Ispahani. She had three younger siblings—Murtaza, Shahnawaz and Sanam. She attended the Lady Jennings Nursery School and the Convent of Jesus and Mary in Karachi and was sent to the Jesus and Mary Convent at Murree after two years at the Rawalpindi Presentation Convent. She passed her O-level and A-Levels examinations at the Karachi Grammar School. At age 16 she left her homeland to study at Harvard's Radcliffe College. Bhutto was raised to speak both English and Urdu. Despite her family being Sindhi speakers, her Sindhi skills were almost non-existent. After completing her undergraduate degree at Radcliffe she studied at England's Oxford University, where she was awarded a second degree in 1977. She married a wealthy landowner, Asif Ali Zardari, in Karachi on December 18, 1987. The couple had three children: son Bilawal and two daughters, Bakhtawar and Aseefa.

She was elected co-chairwoman of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) along with her mother. On 2nd December 1988, Benazir Bhutto became the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan . She addressed the huge crowd on her arrival at the Secretariat, her official residence and said: "We gather together to celebrate freedom, to celebrate democracy, to celebrate the three most beautiful words in the English language: "We the People"." At 35, she was one of the youngest chief executives in the world, and the first woman to serve as prime minister in an Islamic country.

Bhutto was waving to the crowd, after leaving PPP's last rally in the city of Rawalpindi, two weeks before the scheduled Pakistani general election of 2008, through the sunroof of her bulletproof vehicle when a gunman fired shots at her. Subsequently explosives were detonated near the vehicle killing approximately 28 others and wounded at least another 100. She is buried, in the Bhutto family graveyard in Garhi Khuda Baksh area, next to his father. The following year, she was named one of seven winners of the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights.