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HIV is not transmitted by

Breastfeeding
Kiss
Childbirth
Blood Transfusion

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HIV can be transmitted by an HIV infected person to non infected people or by blood, semen or vaginal fluid or preseminal fluid or it can be transmitted breast milk too. If in pregnancy time, the mother is infected then her child can also get this virus.
It don't spread by Kissing, Hugging or talking.

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The HIV virus affects the

Mind
Heart
Immune Systems
Lungs

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The HIV virus affects the Immune Systems. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes AIDS which is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive.

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In which area HIV originated first ?

Africa
Asia
America
Europe

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According to various Scientists reports it is identified that a type of chimpanzee in West Africa was the source of HIV infection in humans. This virus was called as simian immunodeficiency virus or SIV. The SIV was mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood. With time, this virus slowly spread across Africa and later reached the other parts of the world.

When a blood sample was collected from a man in Kinshasa,Congo in the year 1959, the first HIV-1 virus was detected. It is still unknown how he became infected.

The term "acquired immunodeficiency syndrome," or AIDS was first used in 1982 by public health officials of USA. In the following year, scientists discovered the virus that causes AIDS and named it HTLV-III/LAV (human T-cell lymphotropic virus-type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus). This name was later changed to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).

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What is the difference between HIV and AIDS ?

No difference between HIV and AIDS
AIDS is virus and HIV is a disease
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS
All of above

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Does HIV only affect gay people ?

Yes
Only gay men
No
Only gay women

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HIV can affect anyone from any part of the world, no matter whether they are gay, straight, old or young.

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Which of these drugs is most commonly used on its own to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission ?

Jevirapine
Nevirapine
Aevirapine
Cevirapine

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Nevirapine drug is used along with other medications to treat the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This drug is in a class of medications called non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors or simply NNRTIs. Although nevirapine does not cure HIV, but it decreases the amount of HIV in the blood. It may also decrease your chance of developing acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and HIV-related illnesses such as serious infections or cancer. With these medications along with practicing safer sex and making other life-style changes may decrease the risk of transmitting (spreading) the HIV virus to other people.

Nevirapine drug is in the WHO's List of Essential Medicines. This is a list of the most important medication needed in a basic health system. A single dose of this drug when given to both mother and child can reduced the rate of HIV transmission by almost 50% compared.

The adverse effect which is also a common one of nevirapine is the development of mild or moderate rash (13%). After taking this drug, severe or life-threatening skin reactions have been observed in 1.5% of patients.

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What does PEP stand for in the context of HIV prevention ?

Prohibitively Exposure Prophylaxis
Past Exposure Prophylaxis
Post Exposure Prophylaxis
Pool Exposure Prophylaxis

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Stage 3 of HIV infection is referred to as

Imunocompromised
AIDS
Remission
Progressive AIDS

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The first HIV case in India is detected in

1986 Chennai
1986 Delhi
1984 Kolkata
1990 Bangalore

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First HIV virus was known as

RIV
SIV
TIV
MIV

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