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The HIV virus affects the Immune Systems. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes AIDS which is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive.Check Answer
According to various Scientists reports it is identified that a type of chimpanzee in West Africa was the source of HIV infection in humans. This virus was called as simian immunodeficiency virus or SIV. The SIV was mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood. With time, this virus slowly spread across Africa and later reached the other parts of the world.
When a blood sample was collected from a man in Kinshasa,Congo in the year 1959, the first HIV-1 virus was detected. It is still unknown how he became infected.
The term "acquired immunodeficiency syndrome," or AIDS was first used in 1982 by public health officials of USA. In the following year, scientists discovered the virus that causes AIDS and named it HTLV-III/LAV (human T-cell lymphotropic virus-type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus). This name was later changed to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).
AIDS was first recognized by the U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 1981 and its cause, HIV, identified in the early 1980sCheck Answer
HIV can affect anyone from any part of the world, no matter whether they are gay, straight, old or young.Check Answer
Insects cannot transmit HIV. When taking blood from someone mosquitoes do not inject blood from any previous person. The only thing that a mosquito injects is saliva, which acts as a lubricant and enables it to feed more efficiently.Check Answer
Nevirapine drug is used along with other medications to treat the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This drug is in a class of medications called non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors or simply NNRTIs. Although nevirapine does not cure HIV, but it decreases the amount of HIV in the blood. It may also decrease your chance of developing acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and HIV-related illnesses such as serious infections or cancer. With these medications along with practicing safer sex and making other life-style changes may decrease the risk of transmitting (spreading) the HIV virus to other people.
Nevirapine drug is in the WHO's List of Essential Medicines. This is a list of the most important medication needed in a basic health system. A single dose of this drug when given to both mother and child can reduced the rate of HIV transmission by almost 50% compared.
The adverse effect which is also a common one of nevirapine is the development of mild or moderate rash (13%). After taking this drug, severe or life-threatening skin reactions have been observed in 1.5% of patients.