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A public health effort to eliminate all cases of infection around the world, begun in which year ?

1988
1990
1992
1994


This public health effort was started by the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and the Rotary Foundation in the year 1988. In 2014, only type 1 polio cases has been found. Type 2 and Type 3 cases were last found in 1999 and 2012 respectively.

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Which organization led the public health effort programme to eliminate all cases of polio infection around the world ?

UNICEF
WHO
Rotary Foundation
UNESCO


Along with WHO, UNICEF and the Rotary Foundation has also participated.

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Which organization, under the leadership of Ciro de Quadros, launched an initiative to eradicate polio from the Americas in 1985 ?

PAHO
AND
ACPMS
AA


The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), under the leadership of Ciro de Quadros, launched an initiative to eradicate polio from the Americas in 1985.

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In which year, the Americas were certified as polio-free ?

1990
1994
1998
2000


On 20 August 1994 the Americas were certified as polio-free. This achievement was termed as a milestone.

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In 2006 only four countries in the world were reported to have endemic poliomyelitis. Which of the given is not in those three ?

Nigeria
Pakistan
Afghanistan
Nepal


The fourth country was India.

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In 2014, how many countries get a polio-free certificates ?

11
12
13
14


These are India,Bangladesh, Bhutan, North Korea, Indonesia, the Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Timor-Leste.

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Which of these is the only african country where polio is still endemic ?

Kenya
Nigeria
Uganda
South Africa


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The polio virus can only survive for how much time in the environment at room temperature ?

few hours
few days
few weeks
few months


Did you know that around 90% of polio infections cause no symptoms at all but if the virus enters the blood stream, it can show some. The polio virus was identified by Karl Landsteiner in 1908. The "poliomyelitis" term is used to identify the disease which is caused by any of the three serotypes of polio virus.

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The oral polio vaccine must be kept at which temperature for vaccination to be successful ?

1 to 2 °C
2 to 8 °C
7 to 15 °C
15 to2 8 °C


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In which year, the last isolation of type 2 poliovirus occurred in India ?

1995
1997
1999
2002


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