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A public health effort to eliminate all cases of infection around the world, begun in which year ?

1988
1990
1992
1994


This public health effort was started by the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and the Rotary Foundation in the year 1988. In 2014, only type 1 polio cases has been found. Type 2 and Type 3 cases were last found in 1999 and 2012 respectively.

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Which organization led the public health effort programme to eliminate all cases of polio infection around the world ?

UNICEF
WHO
Rotary Foundation
UNESCO


Along with WHO, UNICEF and the Rotary Foundation has also participated.

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What is % fall of Polio infection cases around the world since 1988 when the Polio eredication programme begun ?

0.898
0.923
0.958
0.999


There were three types of polio cases in 1988 - type 1, type 2 and type 3. Out of these type 2 and type 3 cases are completely eliminated. All reported cases now are of type 1. According to WHO, In 2014, Pakistan, Syria and Cameroon nations have recently allowed the virus to spread, so WHO declared a global health emergency on may 2014.

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Which country became the first country in the world to scientifically demonstrate nationwide eradication of poliomyelitis in 1960 ?

Japan
Russia
Czechoslovakia
Sweden


In 1960, Czechoslovakia was the first country to declare itself a polio free nation.

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Which organization, under the leadership of Ciro de Quadros, launched an initiative to eradicate polio from the Americas in 1985 ?

PAHO
AND
ACPMS
AA


The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), under the leadership of Ciro de Quadros, launched an initiative to eradicate polio from the Americas in 1985.

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In which year, the Americas were certified as polio-free ?

1990
1994
1998
2000


On 20 August 1994 the Americas were certified as polio-free. This achievement was termed as a milestone.

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In 2006 only four countries in the world were reported to have endemic poliomyelitis. Which of the given is not in those three ?

Nigeria
Pakistan
Afghanistan
Nepal


The fourth country was India.

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A country is declared polio-free by the WHO, if no case is reported for ______ consecutive years. Choose the correct answer.

1
2
3
4


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The polio virus can only survive for how much time in the environment at room temperature ?

few hours
few days
few weeks
few months


Did you know that around 90% of polio infections cause no symptoms at all but if the virus enters the blood stream, it can show some. The polio virus was identified by Karl Landsteiner in 1908. The "poliomyelitis" term is used to identify the disease which is caused by any of the three serotypes of polio virus.

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In which year, the last isolation of type 2 poliovirus occurred in India ?

1995
1997
1999
2002


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